Popular architecture of farmlands from A Coruña
Galician popular architecture is part of a rich cultural heritage that we should conserve. There are some works made by Galician people in order to respond, with local resources, to several economic, social and practical demands. These had the objective of reaching the better way of living here. Farmlands from A Coruña follow a prototype of housing that is significantly different from the rest in Galicia, not only in the materials they used, but also rooms and combinations among them.
The stony materials are: granite, low-quality gneiss, and shale, being the latter used to a lesser extent and near to the area of Lugo.
The main dwelling in this area is the one formed by a two-storey rectangular building, which was added some agricultural rooms, such as cowsheds, straw lofts or sheds. Near to these additions we have threshing floors and elevated granaries to stock up agricultural products. As far is the elevated granaries is concerned, the mariñán type is the most common in this area. It is made of wood and it has a narrow and tall rectangular chamber, while near Santiago de Compostela, they are wider, higher capacity and made of stone and wood.
Besides, we can notice other types of constructions, such as ovens, mills, dovecotes, fountains or fences, as well as an extensive evidence of the Galician religiosity: churches, hermitages or stone crosses.
Finally, and regarding to the most noble part of Galicia, we can enjoy some noblemen constructions: typical Galician country houses.
Text and photo courtesy of Xavier Feixóo, from Arquitectura Tradicional Galega