Catches the eye, that in Las Mariñas of Betanzos we find a castro in each 6’07 km² (La Galice de Abel Bouhier), and such a density of a serious excavation in the castro of Meirás.
Such a concentration of pre-Celtic settlements, the oestriminis, expelled by the Celts, gets us closer to the Neolithic farmer, that for Alonso del Real it constitutes a kind of substrate and that links directly with the Neolithic farmer cultures and peoples. The Nordic contribution, It is located for the first time in the second bronze age, and the Celtic contribution, whose first chronological level come to be pre-Roman Celtic type.
The communities of callaeci, as they are known when the romans arrive, the castros will continue to be occupied , so their remains emerge very regularly, like roman mills, tannery stones, bronze axes, phallic idols, tégulas y and coins that are exposed in our museums, like in the areal archeological of A Coruña and in the Museo das Mariñas of Betanzos, for example.
These way, the enthusiastic pilgrim or walker will encounter them selves with castros every day of the itinerary, right or left of the path and always dominant, to which its old customs that communicate that flourish in medieval times in Royal ways. These ways will be built in a convex way, in a French way, there for they will also receive the name of Francés ways.
Most of these settlements will convert to Christianity during the VI century by genesis of San Gregorio Magno. The conversion of the San Antón hill, Santa María de Castro, Santa Marta de Babío, San Juan de Medela, amongst others.
The castros of Loyos, Sombreu, Insua, Illobre, Pontellas, Bergondiño, San Fiz, Meirás, Obre, Xan Rozo, Mayor… are in a strategic position that will allow them to communicate through fires known as fachos, to make calls when needed to be alerted.
Image courtesy of the Official Chronicler of Betanzos, Jose Raimundo Nuñez-Varela y Lendoiro.