The pilgrimage and the stone crosses to San Andrés de Teixido
THE SHRINE OF SAN ANDRES OF TEIXIDO
The shrine of San Andrés de Teixido is in a wild promontory of Cedeira, in a natural space where you can find different vegetation and cattle in freedom. The San Andrés de Teixido Church keeps a door with a conocpial arc and an apse from the Gothic. The figure of the saint presides over the baroque altarpiece inside the church. His remote pilgrimage mixes old legends, popular devotions, pagan traditions, romances and songs.
THE LEGEND OF SAN ANDRÉS
San Andrés, who was a fisherman and an apostle, reached Teixido in a small boat that overturned and became petrified. In his memory, an islet of the islands Gabeiras took the name of the boat. As San Andrés complained that he had few visits,so God promised him a famous pilgrimage that would only disappear when the words would have end. Then, the one who did not do this way alive, he would do it as a dead man.
Some time after, several routes were plotted. The Old Way or Camino Viejo starts in the San Martiño do Couto monastery, goes by Pena de Embalde, Capela da Fame, Porto do cabo, the bridge of As Mestas, San Roque chapel, Cristo dos Carrís and, at the end, the San Andrés de Lonxe Sanctuary.
As well as this route, there is other paths. One starts in Cedeira, crossing San Fiz de Esteiro. There is another one which starts in Ortigueira, crossing San Andrián de Veiga. If you start from Cariño, you will see the San Xiao de Trebo chapel. And finally, in the route from As Somozas you will enjoy the San Roque do Camiño sanctuary.
THE STONE CROSSES ALONG THE ROUTE TO TEIXIDO
The stone crosses in the pilgrimages christianize some ancient cults and protect the pilgrims from the evil things. As signals of the route, their high column makes them visible in the distance and they attract the devout thoughts, being a place for praying and resting.
The different pilgrimage routes to San Andrés de Lonxe have several stone crosses, from the Couto monastery and Pena de Embalde, as well as near the San Xiao dos Osos chapel and the Christ of Reboredo, until reaching the Christ of Os Carrís and the San Andrés Sanctuary. As an example, the traditional Christ of Os Carrís is a popular work which has some classic images of Christ and the Virgin of the Pain. Another example is the stone cross in the Sanctuary of San Andrés de Teixido, a traditional work with the only image of Christ under the word INRI.
Text and images courtesy of Juan Burgoa, Asociación de Amigos dos Cruceiros.