Cruceiro Home Santo
The cruceiro (stone cross) is a sample of popular religious art related to the magical world of roads, Christianised ancient cults and protecting the Walker of the evils that are waiting for him on the route. Besides its usefulness as the route signs, they provide a place of rest and meditation to the pilgrims.
At the end of the English Way and already inside the old town of Santiago, near the Cathedral, it is set the more worthwhile and oldest cruceiro in Galicia, the Cruceiro do Home Santo or the bonaval, work attributed to Juan de Orleans around the year 1330. Since 1964 it is installed at the site of the Porta do Camiño, after suffering several transfers throughout its history.
With the exception of the Final cross, the rest of the elements of the cruceiro are not the originals of the work. The cruceiro stands on a base of three quadrangular steps. The elegant pedestal is Tuscan, carrying a wide scotia moulding around and a finish molding. The shaft is octavado with ornaments of plates at the beginning and the capital has been decorated with shells and bearded faces.
It retains the splendid and original Gothic cross with finish off in four flower petals. To the front, under an umbel, appears Christ accompanied by the Virgin and San Juan, in a smaller size, as well as the figures, at the base of the cross of Santiago Apostle with his disciples Theodore and Athanasius. The reverse shows an image of the Virgin with her son in her arms, also placed under a canopy and accompanied by figures of San Pedro, San Pablo, the Virgin of the Dolores and two kneeling angels.
In conclusion, they are a complete set of thirteen beautiful figures carved in one piece.
Text and photos courtesy of Juan Burgoa, Asociación de Amigos dos Cruceiros e Cruces de Pedra.