Industry of leather
Despite the fact today we are not conscious of it , it was huge the importance that the industry of leather had, that manufactured the peace’s that would later on be used without tanning, as support for a written form(scrolls), and tanned, for numerous uses: the storage of liquids (orbs), handling of air (bellows), harvesting equipment (harnesses and straps), saddle work (buckles, saddles, saddlebags), gird work (harnesses, girdles), handbags ( bags and suitcases), clothing(jackets, overalls, gloves, hats, belts), footwear (rootstalks, boots, shoes), boats (coating, ropes, rigging), ropes, joints of watertight, and even, transition belts for the same machinery.
The tanning work, as a textile, appears and develops closely linked to the rural world, shearing the usual activities of rural areas to attend their specific necessities, and in many occasions serving, together with the agricultural activities, as a complement to bypassed the peasants income.
The leather industry will give a qualitative progress with the birth of the transits of the XVIII to XIX century’s, of the manufacturing of tannings built by a business man as a settlement specifically created for the production of leather with a focus n its installations in specific needs of the process, with workers that were paid to prepare the skins to the orders of their respective boss, and with a clear orientation to cover the necessities and demands of the market.
In these way, the rudimentary and spread out settlements evolve giving space to specialized centers, in a global transition that goes through the union settlements proto industries, firstly, and the peoples factories, later on, to finally get to the modern tanneries.
For more information:
In the Inventario del Patrimonio Industrial de Galicia you can find different examples, highlighting here some of the important ones, that are visible, either partly of fully, at least externally:
Text and images courtesy of Manuel Lara