Santa María church in Cambre
In the middle of Cambre, through which the English Way passes, is the Romanesque church of Santa María de Cambre. This temple is located in a green area that emphasizes the beauty of this small but lovely medieval church. This is a clear example of the compostelan Romanesque style in Galicia. This sanctuary has built at the twelfth century and an excellent work in his stones and sculptures stands out all above something else.
The front is richly decorated because this door is between two pairs of columns with some very wonderfully chapitels, which have religious ornamentations and from which starts two archivolts. In the biggest archivolt of the portico we can see an attemp to represent different figures of an animals and people like the prophet Daniel in the middle of the arc. In the tympanum we can see a sculpture of the Agnus Dei (the Lamb of God) between two flying angels. Over this, we can see a cornice with decoration and a beautiful Romanesque rose window very thorough. All this temple is protected thanks to strong buttress with attached columns. Finally, on the top of the church there is a tower with two bells.
In the back of the building we can see the smart head of the temple with the main chapel and its five small apses decorated with a beautiful cornice.
The inside of the Santa María de Cambre has a Latin cross floor plan, which is typical of the pilgrimage churches. There are some theories about it, such as it could be an imitation of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela or maybe it could be a Maestro Mateo’s construction. The church has three naves with a lot of columns with decoration. One legend says that the baptismal font of this temple belongs to the Templars.
Photos courtesy of Ignacio Varela