Route History of Celanova-Limia
This is one of the most remarkable and stunning southern Galicia archaeological itineraries. In it a trip to the earliest times of our history is made, as three sites from different eras and cultures are visited: Prehistoric, Celtic Culture and Roman times. These are not far away from each other.
The first place to be visited is Castromao in Celanova, a fort situated on top of a hill enjoying a splendid view of the valley of the River Arnoia. It is configured as a proper fortified Iron Age (s. VI BC). It suffered a strong Romanization that was extended over time along the area around the mountain. In 1974 the remains of a Tessera Hospitalis of the year 132 AD are discovered, which was a pact of hospitality between the Castromao inhabitants and a Roman military high. The village was inhabited until the second century, and was the capital of the Celtic tribe of the Coelernios.
Then, in the municipality of Bande we find one of the most important Roman sites in the province, the camp that housed the legions, Aquis Querquennis. It is located on the banks of the River Limia, in Porto Quintela, half sunk in the swamp of Shells, whether to build the famous road Via Nova, (which joined Braga with Astorga) or to colonize this land. It was built over the year 69-79 AD and abandoned about 120 AD. The camp, rectangular in shape, is surrounded by a thick wall. On each side of the enclosure we can see the remains of the entrance doors. It has an Interpretation Centre.
To finish the route, we go back in time with a visit to the Maus de Salas, megalithic constructions that are chronologically placed between the years 3500-2000 BC. These are funerary monuments consisting of a chamber where the deceased was placed in the grave goods. Finally, it was covered as a tomb. These have been displaced from their initial location, because with the construction of the reservoir of Salas, most of them would have been flooded by water.
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